Claes Oldenburg born January 28, is an American sculptor , best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects.
Another theme in his work is soft sculpture versions of everyday objects. Many of his works were made in collaboration with his wife, Coosje van Bruggen , who died in ; they had been married for 32 years.
Oldenburg lives and works in New York. He studied literature and art history at Yale University  from to , then returned to Chicago where he took classes at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago.
While further developing his craft, he worked as a reporter at the City News Bureau of Chicago. He also opened his own studio and, in , became a naturalized citizen of the United States.
In , he moved to New York, and for a time worked in the library of the Cooper Union Museum for the Arts of Decoration , where he also took the opportunity to learn more, on his own, about the history of art.
There he met a number of artists, including Jim Dine , Red Grooms , and Allan Kaprow , whose happenings incorporated theatrical aspects and provided an alternative to the abstract expressionism that had come to dominate much of the art scene.
Oldenburg began toying with the idea of soft sculpture in , when he completed a free-hanging piece made from a woman's stocking stuffed with newspaper.
The piece was untitled when he made it but is now referred to as Sausage. In the s Oldenburg became associated with the pop art movement and created many so-called happenings , which were performance art related productions of that time.
The name he gave to his own productions was "Ray Gun Theater". This brash, often humorous, approach to art was at great odds with the prevailing sensibility that, by its nature, art dealt with "profound" expressions or ideas.
But Oldenburg's spirited art found first a niche then a great popularity that endures to this day. In December , he rented a store on Manhattan's Lower East Side to house "The Store," a month-long installation he had first presented at the Martha Jackson Gallery in New York, stocked with sculptures roughly in the form of consumer goods.
Oldenburg moved to Los Angeles in "because it was the most opposite thing to New York [he] could think of".
In he turned his attention to drawings and projects for imaginary outdoor monuments. Initially these monuments took the form of small collages such as a crayon image of a fat, fuzzy teddy bear looming over the grassy fields of New York's Central Park  and Lipsticks in Piccadilly Circus, London Many of Oldenburg's large-scale sculptures of mundane objects elicited ridicule before being accepted.
For example, the Lipstick Ascending on Caterpillar Tracks , was removed from its original place in Beinecke Plaza at Yale University , and "circulated on a loan basis to other campuses".
In theme, it is both phallic, life-engendering, and a bomb, the harbinger of death. Male in form, it is female in subject From the early s Oldenburg concentrated almost exclusively on public commissions.
Their first collaboration came when Oldenburg was commissioned to rework Trowel I , a sculpture of an oversize garden tool, for the grounds of the Kröller-Müller Museum in Otterlo, the Netherlands.
Another well known construction is the Free Stamp in downtown Cleveland, Ohio. This Free Stamp has an energetic cult following. In addition to freestanding projects, they occasionally contributed to architectural projects, among them, two Los Angeles projects in collaboration with architect Frank Gehry: In , Oldenburg and van Bruggen created Dropped Cone , a huge inverted ice cream cone, on top of a shopping center in Cologne , Germany.
The sculpture is installed at a daring degree angle, as if in the act of painting. Ago, filo e nodo which is installed in the Piazzale Cadorna. In , Oldenburg won the Wolf Prize in Arts.
In , he was awarded the National Medal of Arts. Marriages of medieval counts of Oldenburg had paved the way for their heirs to become kings of various Scandinavian kingdoms.
At that time, its competitors were the successors of Margaret I of Denmark. Since descendants better situated in genealogical charts died out, their son Christian the abovementioned became the king of all three kingdoms of the whole Kalmar Union.
The House of Mecklenburg was its chief competitor regarding the Northern thrones, and other aspirants included the Duke of Lauenburg. Different Oldenburgine branches have reigned in several countries.
The House of Oldenburg was briefly poised to claim the British thrones through the marriage of Queen Anne and Prince George of Denmark and Norway ; however, due to the early deaths of all their children, the crown passed to the House of Hanover.
Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Starke Verlag, , pp.
Royal houses of Europe. Plantagenet Lusignan Ottoman Savoy. Retrieved from " https: House of Oldenburg European royal families. Views Read Edit View history.
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